An early icon of site specific architecture is Frank Lloyd Wright’s Solar Hemicycle house. Located in Minnesota, the owners of the house responded to Wright’s first design skeptically for fear of high heating bills in the winter time. And Wright stepped up to the challenge: the final design incorporates solar heating and natural cooling by responding directly to its site attributes. The semi-circular, south facing façade responds directly to the trajectory of the sun: in the summer the shading overhangs protect the house from unwanted heating, and in the winter, the large windows allow for daylight penetration. The concrete floor of the first floor absorbs this daylight and translates it into heat, as do the Minnesota limestone walls. To the north, a more compact façade keeps out the bitter winter winds and shelters the house.
The Solar Hemicycle is an example of a kind of architecture that really capitalizes on its surroundings, resulting in a beautiful, functional, and strategic house. Sustainability at its best.
Source - http://www.aei-col.com
Ahead of his time.